What Sequestration Could Mean For Small Businesses
Headlines this week have been dominated the what has become known as "the sequester," a process of across-the-board budget cuts set to go into effect this Friday, March 1. The process of sequestration would see the federal government reduce spending by $1.2 trillion over the next 10 years, affecting everything from the military to commercial airlines to small businesses.
The sequester comes about as a direct result of the "fiscal cliff" in December 2012. On January 1 Congress passed and President Obama signed the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 (ATRA), which, among other things, pushed off the decision on how to balance the federal budget for two months. Since then, Washington has had a stalemate, with no clear decision on whether to selectively reduce spending on raise taxes to meet costs. Barring a successful resolution on Thursday night, $85 billion in cost cuts will occur by the end of the week, with subsequent reductions happening for the next decade.
No one knows the full extent of what will happen if the sequester occurs, although it is feared that such sudden and drastic cuts could negatively impact a weak U.S. economy. The Budget Control Act of 2011, which included the initial sequestration clause, targets 1,200 different federal programs and agencies, many of which could have an impact on small businesses.
The most obvious cut will hit the Small Business administration, which will see the amount of guaranteed loans it can offer cut by $900 million. Many small businesses depend upon those loans, which are backed up by the federal government, because they are available to businesses without equity and require a less up-front from companies.
Another hurdle for businesses, particularly people in industries with a lot of travel, is a $600 million budget cut for the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Transportation secretary Ray LaHood said the FAA would likely need to furlough every member of the 47,000 administration one day every two weeks, the equivalent of a 10 percent reduction in the FAA workforce. That number includes about 14,750 air traffic controllers who would be working fewer days, leading to more backups on the runway.